As we are starting to piece together, there is a problem in the Commonwealth of Australia, although we are only beginning to scratch the surface of where the problem came from.
We have already mentioned George IV and his want to marry a Roman Catholic when as King the law forbid this action. Roman Catholicism in Ireland had reached fever pitch as the Irish Catholics stood up against the Church of England.
George IV was of the House of Hanover and the Royal Guelphic Order was created by George IV in 1815. On a world stage this was after George III, who reigned for 60 years, saw the Battle of 1812 in the United States that led to the Treaty of Ghent 1816. An agreement of Peace between the United States and the United Kingdom. George IV took the throne in 1820 through 1830 although was King of the Hanoverians as well as the British.
34. HOUSE OF HANOVER 1829
The Royal Guelphic Order (German: Guelphen-Orden), sometimes referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent (later King George IV). It takes its name from the House of Guelph, of which the Hanoverians were a branch. Since Hanover and the United Kingdom shared a monarch until 1837, the order was frequently bestowed upon British subjects. – Robertson, Megan C. (2 April 2007)
Soon after he reached the age of 21, the prince became infatuated with Maria Fitzherbert. She was a commoner (though granddaughter of a baronet), six years his elder, twice widowed, and a Roman Catholic. Nevertheless, the prince was determined to marry her. This was in spite of the Act of Settlement 1701, which barred the spouse of a Catholic from succeeding to the throne, and the Royal Marriages Act 1772, which prohibited his marriage without the King’s consent. – Parissien, p. 64, Smith, E. A., p. 33
George IV was a sympathiser of the Papal Roman Catholics, himself wanting to Marry Maria Fitzherbert. And with the Irish uprising against the Church of England saw to giving Roman Catholics relief within the United Kindom.
Most of you know about the IRA and the Bombings that occurred during the 1980’s. The hatred for the “orange people” stemming from the removal of Catholic King James II in the Glorious Revolution 1688.
The Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 relieved Catholics of certain restraints that they faced in the Realm of Great Britain and Ireland especially of certain ceremonies practiced by the Papist Faith in the Church of Rome. The War of 1812 had effected the Holy Roman Church as well, leading to the Papal States being introduced under the Popes Command. This act also allowed for the Papists to sit in Office of the Crown of which they had been excommunicated from by Henry VIII in the creation of the Church of England.
35. ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIEF ACT 1829
An Act for the Relief of His Majesty’s Roman Catholic Subjects
Whereas by various Acts of parliament certain restraints and disabilities are imposed on the Roman Catholic subjects of his Majesty, to which other subjects of his Majesty are not liable, and whereas it is expedient that such restraints and disabilities shall be from henceforth discontinued, and whereas by various Acts certain oaths and certain declarations, commonly called the declarations against transubstantiation and the invocation of saints and the sacrifice of the mass, as practised in the Church of Rome, are or may be required to be taken, made, and subscribed by the subjects of his Majesty as qualifications for sitting and voting in parliament and for the enjoyment of certain offices, franchises, and civil rights, be it enacted … that from and after the commencement of this Act all such parts of the said Acts as require the said declarations, or either of them, to be made or subscribed by any of his Majesty’s subjects as a qualification for sitting and voting in parliament or for the exercise or enjoyment of any office, franchise, or civil right, be and the same are (save as hereinafter provided and excepted) hereby repealed.
We can see that in Queensland they rely on the Oaths Act 1867, whereas the Commonwealth of Australia relies on the Oath as per the Schedule of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution at Clause 9 of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act July 1900.
The Oath in the Schedule is reliant at a federal level on the Promissory Oaths Act 1871 which is then amended to the Promissory Oaths Act 1868 as we have discussed in the last facts post. We can see here in Section 1 of Part 2 of the Oaths Act 1867 that they are relying on the oath which is in the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1830 (1829 UK) which was repealed at the creation of the Promissory Oaths Act 1871 and subsequent 1868 Act. The State of Queensland has been using an Oath of Office and Oath of Allegiance not in accordance with the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act July 1900.
36. OATHS ACT 1867 PART 2
Oaths of office and allegiance
1 Oath substituted for the oaths and declaration now prescribed by law
In every case where but for the passing of this Act it would be necessary for any person to take the oaths commonly called the oaths of allegiance supremacy and abjuration or any of them or the oath prescribed by the Act of Parliament commonly called the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1830 or to make the declaration prescribed by the Act of Parliament passed in the ninth year of the reign of King George IV chapter 17 and whensoever it shall be necessary for any person to take the oath of allegiance it shall be sufficient for such person to take in lieu of the said several oaths and declaration the following oath of allegiance—
‘I A.B. do sincerely promise and swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, as lawful Sovereign of the United Kingdom, Australia, and her other Realms and Territories, and to Her Heirs and Successors, according to law.’;
anything in the said Acts of Parliament or in any other statute Act or law notwithstanding.
4 Name of the Sovereign
In case of the demise of Her Majesty (whom may God long preserve) the name of Her Majesty’s successor for the time being shall be substituted in the form of oath instead of the name of Her Majesty.
a) Oath of Office, or Affirmation of Office is required to sit in Office.
b) Commonwealth of Australia is defined a Dominion by Imperial Conference.
c) Oaths Act 1867 separates Acts of Parliament, Statute Act and Law
d) What separates therefore is separate.
e) What includes therefore excludes what is not included.
f) Oaths Act defines God preserving the Sovereign
g) Oath to Queen Elizabeth the Second is in-line with George IV Ch.17.
h) The Oath relies on Roman Catholic Relief Act of George IV.
At Section 4 of Part 2 of the Oaths Act 1867 as is seen in many other places including the Schedule, we have a statement relative to the renaming of the Monarch in the form of the oath. What differs here is that the Schedule of the Constitution is very specific about lineage in the Note to the Schedule Oath. This matches the Preamble to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act July 1900 and demonstrates the lineage and authority that God is in relation to the Coronation Oath.
It is not enough to just rename a Monarch, that Monarch must sit in the correct realm through Coronation and Coronation Oath, and Oaths made to the Monarch must be in a line of authority defining the Gods of our Fathers.
Judges 2:12 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
12 and they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the Lord to anger.
Matthew 6:24 Authorized (King James) Version (AKJV)
24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Queen Victoria took the throne in 1837 as a young queen and eventually sat the throne of the realm longer than George III 60 years. Instead of picking up in the lineage of George IV heir William IV, Queen Victoria picked up the shield of George I and acted in the full capacity as executor of the Estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
37. QUEEN VICTORIA LINEAGE
We can see from this exert from the College of Arms that the Royal Arms featured Imperial Crown and that the Arms of England, Scotland and Ireland filled the Quarters. The Crests of Scotland and Ireland also featured defining the unification of the three kingdoms. The crest of Scotland also featuring an Imperial Crown.
Queen Victoria then proclaimed the end of the House of Hanover under her Title. Effectively removing the Roman Catholic changes to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. This needs to be seen for what it is in relation to the Oaths Act 1867 of the State of Queensland after the financial problems post Civil War in America 1863. The State of Queensland did not adopt the Promissory Oaths Act 1868 under the status of colony. Although in unity of the people into the Federal Commonwealth of Australia, the Colony of Queensland came under the body politic of the People of the Commonwealth as a State of the Commonwealth of Australia.
We can see by the following proclomation that the Kingdom of Hanover is removed from Queen Victoria’s title, and the Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland adjusted to suit the title.
What is very clear here is that in the year 1816 Hanoverian King George III had held the title Elector of the Holy Roman Empire and renamed it to the King of Hanover. This is in line with the creation of the Royal Guelphic Order in 1815 by his son George IV as we have discussed already.
38. PROCLOMATION 1837
Proclamation directing the omittance of the arms of Hanover from the Royal Arms.
London, July 26, 1837.
(Source: S.R. & O. Rev. Dec 31, 1948: vol. 2, p. 796).
By the Queen.
Whereas King George the Third, by his royal proclamation, bearing date the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and one did, by and with the advice of His Privy Council, amongst other things, appoint and declare that, with the arms or ensigns armorial of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland there should be borne on an escocheon of pretence the arms of His Majesty’s dominions in Germany ensigned with the electoral bonnet, and that the standard of the said United Kingdom should be the same quarterings as were therein declared to be the arms or ensigns armorial of the said United Kingdom, with the escocheon of pretence thereon therein before described; and that the arms or ensigns armorial aforesaid should be used thenceforth, as far as conveniently might be, on all occasions wherein Her Majesty’s arms or ensigns armorial ought to be used; and whereas His said Majesty having, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, substituted to his ancient title of Elector of the Holy Roman Empire the title of King of Hanover, it was thought fit that an alteration should be made in His Majesty’s arms or ensigns armorial, and it was therefore by and with the advice of His Majesty’s Privy Council, accordingly declared, by a royal proclamation, bearing date the eighth day of June in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixteen that instead of the arms of His Majesty’s dominions in Germany ensigned with the electoral bonnet, as directed by His Majesty’s proclamation above mentioned, there should thenceforth be used and borne with the arms or ensigns armorial of His Majesty’s said United Kingdom, on an escocheon of pretence the arms of His Majesty’s dominions in Germany ensigned with the Hanoverian royal crown and that the standard of the said United Kingdom should be the same quarterings as by His Majesty’s said proclamation were declared to be the arms or ensigns armorial of the said United Kingdom, with the escocheon of pretence ensigned with the said Hanoverian crown instead of the electoral bonnet; and whereas, upon the demise of His late most sacred Majesty the German dominions of His late Majesty have passed from the crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain or [sic] Ireland, and devolved upon His Royal Highness Prince Ernest Augustus Duke of Cumberland, now King of Hanover:
We have thought fit, by and with the of Our Privy Council, to declare that henceforth the shield or escocheon of pretence representing His late Majesty’s dominions in Germany, and ensigned with the Hanoverian royal crown, shall be omitted, and the shield left to contain the arms or ensigns armorial of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland only; but, nevertheless, it is Our will and pleasure that all such gold, silver, and copper moneys as on the day before the twenty-sixth day of this instant July were current and lawful moneys of Great Britain, and all such gold, silver, and copper moneys as shall on or after this day be coined by Our authority with the like impressions, until Our will and pleasure shall be otherwise declared, shall be deemed and taken to be current and lawful moneys of the said United Kingdom in Great Britain; and that all such gold, silver, and copper moneys as on the day before the twenty-sixth day of this instant July were lawful moneys of Ireland, and all such gold, silver, and copper moneys as shall on or after this day be coined by Our authority, with like impressions, until Our will arid pleasure shall be otherwise declared, shall be deemed and taken to be current and lawful moneys of the said United Kingdom in Ireland; and all such moneys as shall have been coined for, and issued in, any of the dominions of the said United Kingdom, and declared by royal proclamation to be current and lawful money of such dominions respectively, bearing His late Majesty’s arms or ensigns armorial, or any part or parts thereof and all moneys which shall hereafter be coined and issued according to such proclamations, shall continue to be lawful and current money of such dominions respectively, notwithstanding such change in Our arms or armorial bearings respectively as aforesaid, until Our pleasure shall be further declared thereupon, and all and every such moneys as aforesaid shall be received and taken in payment in Great Britain and Ireland respectively, and in the dominions thereunto belonging, after the date of this proclamation, in such manner, and as of the like value and denomination, as the same were received and taken before the date hereof: and it is also Our will and pleasure that the several dies and marks which have been used to denote the stamp duties, and all other stamps and marks and instruments which before the issuing of this proclamation, shall be in actual use for Any public purpose, and in which His late Majesty’s arms or ensigns armorial, or any parts or part thereof respectively may be expressed, shall not by reason of this proclamation, or anything therein contained, be changed or altered until the same may be conveniently so changed or altered, or until Our pleasure shall be further declared thereon; but that all such dies, stamps, marks, and instruments, respectively bearing His late Majesty’s arms or ensigns armorial, used before this twenty-sixth day of July instant, or any parts or part of such arms or ensigns armorial, shall have the like force and effect as the same had before the said twenty-sixth day of July instant.
Given at Our Court at Buckingham Palace, the twenty-sixth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, and in the first year of Our reign. God save the Queen.
What should be noted here as well is that all gold, silver and copper monies are considered to be lawful monies of the Catholics in Ireland, are still accepted for a time after the proclomation. It goes on to mention dies, marks and stamp duties as well as other stamps and marks and instruments for public purpose and are also accepted lawfully until further proclomation.
Queen Victoria had seen to removing the Papist and Roman Catholic Faith from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. And by picking up the shield of George I had preceded that of George IV in law.
With the Commonwealth of Australia under the Schedule Oath in the Constitution, and the Promissory Oaths Act 1871 repealing Oaths associated with the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1830, question needs to be raised about the State of Queensland use of the Oaths Act 1867. As a colony of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland the Queensland Parliament had seen to devising its Oaths relative to the requirements of a Colony. It had ignored the Parliament of the Spiritual, Temporal and Commons in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The people however, did unite in a federal Commonwealth of Australia linking the Schedule Oath to Promissory Oaths Act 1868 and the colony then became a State of the body politic that were the people, the Commonwealth of Australia. By the use of the Oaths Act 1867, the State of Queensland is defying the rule of law set down by the people in their federal unity.
The State of Queensland is also attempting to defy the Protestant Faith in the Commonwealth of Australia and holding to the Papist Roman Catholic Relief afforded before Queen Victoria made change to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.